In October 2011, the European Partnership for Energy and the Environment published the findings of the new study conducted by French research bodies ARMINES-ERIE, which revealed that CO2 eq emissions from refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat pump equipment have decreased by over 13% since 1990 and are set to decrease even further in the coming 20 years.

armines-erieThe objective of the ARMINES-ERIE study is to determine the maximum achievable demand and emissions reduction from refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat pump equipment until 2030. It can therefore be used as a basis to establish reliable emissions phase-down schedules in the EU.

The study, commissioned by EPEE, looks at two future scenarios: On one hand, the “F-gas Scenario” based on the full implementation of the F-gas Regulation combined with current market trends. On the other hand, the “F-gas Plus Scenario” taking into account a more aggressive introduction of lower GWP refrigerants.

The results show that the containment principle of the F-gas Regulation has already started to deliver. The “F-gas Plus Scenario”illustrates the industry’s potential to go further. Besides the introduction of the lower GWP refrigerants, several other key factors contribute to achieving emissions’ reductions, like the improvement of emissions rates, lower refrigerant charges, and higher recovery volumes at the end of life of the equipment containing refrigerant fluids.

The Executive Summary is available below in multiple language versions. For the full study, please contact the EPEE Secretariat at


ARMINES-ERIE Executive Summary  en  de  fr  es

EPEE ARMINES-ERIE Press Release  en  de  fr  es  it