Today, Monday 17 July, the Council of the EU adopted a decision to conclude on behalf of the EU, the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol. This decision means that the EU is ready for the formal ratification of the Kigali Amendment.
The Council decision enters into force immediately after its adoption. The next step is for the EU to formally deposit the declaration of competence together with the instrument of ratification of the Kigali Amendment at the United Nations to formally fulfill the process.
Member States are currently following their respective processes to ratify the Kigali Amendment. The main step of their ratification process is obtaining approval from their national parliaments.
The Kigali Amendment will enter into force on 1 January 2019 upon ratification by at least 20 parties to the Montreal Protocol.
As a reminder, on 2 February 2017, the Commission had submitted a proposal for a Council decision to authorise the conclusion of the Kigali Amendment. The Council agreed to conclude the Amendment and start the ratification process on 11 May 2017. Subsequently, the European Parliament gave its formal consent during its plenary meeting on 5 July.